Model of Motivation: ARCS Instructional Design

Model of Motivation: ARCS Instructional Design

ARCS is an instructional design model and focuses on motivation. This model was developed by John M. Keller. With the rise of online learning, there has been renewed interest in John Keller’s Instructional Model of Motivation. It is much more challenging to motivate students online than it is in class. Keller’s model offers ways to…

Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction

Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction

Robert Mills Gagné (August 21, 1916 – April 28, 2002) was an educational psychologist who created a nine-step process called the events of instruction. One of the leading pioneers to a systematic approach in teaching is none other than Robert Gagné. Gagné developed his model after observing the thought processes of adults when they were…

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in Education

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in Education

Applying Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs to Education Students in classrooms or training courses may be distracted. They have other considerations running through their minds, such as their other classes, personal lives, friendships, hobbies, physical distractions like hunger or tiredness, and so much more. When students are sidetracked by these or any other issues, their own…